Relative dating is the science of determining the relative order of past events i. In geology, rock or superficial depositsfossils and lithologies can be used to correlate one stratigraphic column with another. Prior to the discovery of radiometric dating in the early 20th century, which provided a means of absolute datingarchaeologists and geologists used relative dating to determine ages of materials. Though relative dating can only determine the sequential order in which a series of events occurred, not when they occurred, it remains a useful technique.
This is the age of reptiles, when dinosaurs ruled the planet.
In simple terms, a geological map shows the surface distribution of rocks in a particular area. However, in order to fully understand a geological map, it is necessary to be familiar with several basic geological principles, including the laws of stratigraphy, geological age, and geological structures. To the experienced eye, a geological map reflects the three-dimensional distribution of rocks, and also serves as a visual guide to the geological history of the area.
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